This social cooperative well known in Italy for the high quality of its wines and the colourful labels of their bottles, was originally founded in 1960 by less than a dozen producers. Years of success and growth have seen the number of members rise to eighty-one.
Carema is the wine the cooperative is known for, produced from the Nebbiolo grape just like the more famous Barbaresco and Barolo. However the microclimate in Carema is very different than in the latter two; it is far more rigid and previously, before global warming started to have an effect, the Nebbiolo grapes in Carema had trouble ripening. Furthermore, the area also challenges producers with its extremely steep slopes. The vineyard's canopies of vines are trellissed thanks to pillars made of stone and lime which give the pretty countryside an umistakable, easily identified appearance and the Carema wine itself is just as recognisable. This is an aristocratic, very long-lived red, with aromas and flavours reminiscent of sour red cherries, raspberry, red roses and tar, just like Barolo and Barbaresco but usually livelier acidities, a lither structure and great refinement.
Unlike Barolo and Barbaresco, Carema does not have to be 100% Nebbiolo, and some wines will also contain small percentages of other local varieties such as Croatina or Uva Rara as long as the wine is made with a minimum of 85% Nebbiolo. Just like the three other Nebbiolo or Nebbiolo-based wines of the cooler north-eastern part of Piedmont (Gattinara, Boca and Lessona), the wines of Carema have been well-known and sought after for centuries. At least since 1500, Carema has been chosen for the festive banquets of Dukes, Kings and Popes, as Bacci tells us in his book entitled 'De vinis Italiae naturalis historia'. The tradition and distinguished characteristics of Carema wines is such that Carema was named one of Italy’s first DOC wines in 1967.